The designs are then hand-forged from recycled metals of sterling silver and gold. Gemstones and minerals are sustainably sourced. Alloyed precious metals of sterling silver or gold grain are melted in a crucible, poured into a mold to form an ingot, and rolled into sheet or wire.
Pre-formed wire and sheet are also used for some pieces. A hand-powered rolling mill is used to form the metal into sheets or wire of desired thickness and size. Metal is cut with a shear or jeweler's saw and hand-forged with a hammer to shape and create a textured finish and to add unique character to each piece. Gemstones are set by use of a flex shaft rotary tool fitted with cutting and forming tools called burrs. Minerals and cabochons are set within a bezel setting or within prongs.